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Instructions

  1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
  2. Read the article: Principles of Responsible Business.
    1. As you read this web page and in particular, the seven principles
      for responsible business, think about the ethical problems you may have
      seen. Consider whether following the Caux Round Table principles may
      have eliminated these problems.
    2. Use the file Template for Analyzing the Logic of an Article to help you further analyze the article.
  3. Review the summary of White’s five principles for business drawn
    from the Bible, which was presented in this workshop. As you read this
    summary, think about the ethical problems you may have seen and consider
    whether following these five biblical principles may have eliminated
    these problems.
  4. Write an 800- to 1000-word paper to answer the following questions:
    1. What differences and similarities exist between the guidelines
      offered by the Caux Round Table and White’s biblical principles? Use the
      Analyzing the Logic of an Article template to help in this analysis.
    2. What principles or guidelines are there, if any, in White’s five
      principles that go beyond the seven principles of the Caux Round Table
      and what is the impact of these principles on the organization, the
      employees, the customers, and the other stakeholders?
    3. How suitable is it to use scripture as a basis for business ethical
      decision making for global managers and what challenges or problems
      might exist for the Christian manager using White’s five principles as
      an ethical guideline?
  5. Your answer to each question should provide a detailed evaluation that demonstrates clear, insightful critical thinking.
  6. Be sure to use correct spelling, grammar, and APA format and include at least five scholarly sources in your response

In Romans 12:2 (NIV), you are told, “Do not
conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by
the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve
what God’s will is – His good, pleasing and perfect will.” The challenge
for you as a student of ethics is that it often appears necessary to
meet both the Christian and secular standards, although they may appear
to be different. Followers of Christ can be assured that meeting His
standard means meeting the highest standard, and any human standard that
indicates otherwise is questionable at best.

Perhaps the notable effort made by secular scholars to determine a
universal code of ethics is the Caux Round Table. Formed from a group of
international business leaders and academicians, the Round Table
created seven principles for business as an attempt to develop a shared
perspective of business behavior that would be acceptable and honored by
people from all cultures and background.

A number of biblical scholars have attempted to summarize what the
Bible has to say about business ethics. One such scholar, Jerry White
gives us five excellent guidelines for conducting our business
activities.

First, there is the guideline of a “just weight” as found in Deuteronomy 25:13-15.
The principle of a just weight is to give a full amount in exchange for
a fair payment. Another way to look at it is to give full quality for
what is paid for and according to what is advertised. You must accept
responsibility for both the quality and the amount of your product or
service. As a business owner, do you fairly represent your product or
service? As an employee, do you give a full day’s work for a full day’s
pay? Remember, as it says in Colossians 3:23, you are working for the Lord and not for men.

Second, the Lord demands our “total honesty.” Ephesians 4:25 calls
upon you to speak the truth. Jerry White reminds you that “Although you
will frequently fail, our intent must be total honesty with our
employer, our co-worker, our employees, and our customers” (p. 65). This
is a difficult principle to adhere to. James 3:2 says
this is where you often fail, but if you can control your tongue, you
will be able to control the rest of your body as well. The Living Bible
sums it up best in Romans 12:17, which says, “Do things in such a way
that everyone can see you are honest clear through.” You must ask
yourself: Are you totally honest in reporting your use of time, money,
and accomplishments?

The third principle is “being a servant.” Someone has said Christians
like to be called servants, but don’t appreciate being treated like
servants. To serve God sounds glorious, but to serve others is another
matter. As usual, Jesus Christ is our example. Matthew 20:28 says
that Christ did not come to be served, but to serve others – in fact,
to give up his life for others. The value of a business is its service.
How well it serves the needs of its customers will determine its
success. The business, in turn, is composed of people who must do the
serving. The value of the employees is in how well they serve the
customer’s needs. This is putting the needs of others before your own
and then trusting God to meet your needs in the process.

The fourth guideline is “personal responsibility.” You must take full
responsibility for your own actions and decisions. You should not try
to excuse your actions based on pressure from within your business or
organization to do what you know is not right. We all fail at times to
do what we know we should do. You must then accept the responsibility
for what you have said or done and not try to pass that responsibility
on to someone else or try to blame it on some set of circumstances. Romans 12:2 warns us about the danger of allowing the world to shape us into its mold.

Finally, there is the issue of “reasonable profits.” This principle
is quite a bit harder to get a handle on, but it is still vital to look
for guidelines. What is a “reasonable” profit? This is something each
person has to deal with on his own. Luke 6:31 is
a great help on this. It says that you should treat others the same way
you would want to be treated. Put yourself in the other person’s shoes
and ask yourself how you would want to be treated in a particular
situation. To the business person, this is the price of the service or
product above cost. To employees, it is the amount of their wages for
service to the organization. Luke 3:14 says to be content with our wages, but the Bible also reminds the employer in 1 Timothy 5:18 that the laborer is worthy of his wages.

It is all too easy to rationalize your way around many of these
principles, but God will hold us accountable in the end. Ultimately it
is God whom you serve and to whom you must give an account.

White, J. (1978). Honesty, morality & conscience. Colorado Springs, CO: Nav Press.

NON-RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION
NON-RESIDENTIAL EDUCATION


The Logic of NAME OF ARTICLE
Instructions:
Utilize this template for analyzing the logic of an article.

1. The main purpose of this article is (State as accurately as possible the author’s purpose for writing the article):

Answer Here

2. The key question that the author is addressing is (Figure out the key question in the mind of the author when s/he wrote the article):

Answer Here

3. The most important information in this article is (Figure out the facts, experiences, data the author is using to support her/his conclusions):

Answer Here

4. The main inferences/conclusions in this article are (Identify the key conclusions the author comes to and presents in the article):

Answer Here

5. The key concept(s) we need to understand in this article is (are) AND
By these concepts the author means (Figure out the most important ideas you would have to understand in order to understand the author’s line of reasoning):

Answer Here

6. The main assumption(s) underlying the author’s thinking is (are) (Figure out what the author is taking for granted [that might be questioned]):

Answer Here

7a. If we take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are (What consequences are likely to follow if people take the author’s line of reasoning seriously):

Answer Here

7b. If we fail to take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are (What consequences are likely to follow if people ignore the author’s reasoning):

Answer Here

8. The main point(s) of view presented in this article is (are) (What is the author looking at, and how is s/he seeing it):

Answer Here

Adapted from:
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2009). Miniature guide to critical thinking: Concepts and tools (6th ed). Tomales, CA: The Foundation for Critical Thinking.