I just need to rewrite the essay in a different words and order
According to Csikszentmihalyi, creativity can be observed only in the interrelations of a system made up of three main parts. The first part is the domain. He defines domain as consisting of a set of symbolic rules and procedures. I hope to one day (maybe not right after graduation) pursue more formal education in Economic by getting my masters. Economics is a very broad domain that may even be broken down into finer resolutions. Some economic research requires the analysis of data using statistics which heavily incorporates mathematics. I would consider mathematics a separate domain. Major rules, procedures, and the structure in mathematics, specifically in statistics used in the domain of economics, are rigid in my opinion and fairly “set in stone.” The methods of statistical modeling have not changed much recently. There are certain rules and procedures you must follow in order to compute statistics correctly. Hypothesis testing in statistics is a very step-by-step procedure. There is not a lot of flexibility in the structure of it.
The major rules, procedures, and structure in economics, specifically research economics, have changed some over the years. However, to my knowledge, they have remained fairly consistent as of recent. Properly performing research in economics in order to obtain accurate results requires a rigid structure. This is especially important in empirical research. As mentioned before, economics can heavily rely on mathematics such as statistics, which has a set in stone framework in order to obtain accurate results. This rigid framework of mathematics has an effect on the domain of research economics, making a lot of aspects to it rigid as well. Since the domain of research economics is rooted in statistics, if a rule, procedure, or structure of statistics changes, then that will most likely lead to a major change in the domain of research economics.
According to Csikszentmihalyi, the second component of creativity is the field. He defined this as including all the individuals who act as gatekeepers to the domain. They decide whether a new idea or product should be included in the domain. The field for the domain of research economics includes economists, researchers, and professors who have had quite a bit of experience and education focused on the domain. It also includes mathematicians and others who have had quite a bit of experience with statistics. Though it is not an exhaustive list, it is these people who decide the changes to the existing structure of how research in economics is conducted. Another field that the domain of research economics includes are editors of journals. Editors of journals decide whether a research is substantial enough to be included in the domain. This requires analyzing the importance and impact of the research topic or question, but also includes whether research analysis is properly carried out.
Similar to many other domains that include research, new ideas and potential explanations for why certain things occur the way they do aren’t just accepted overnight. They take time to be accepted and usually evolve into theories once enough evidence supports the explanation. This also ties back to the more rigid structure of the domain. Things aren’t widely accepted instantly (in most cases) until there is sufficient evidence. Once something or a new idea is accepted by the field, it can result in a change of any size in the domain of overall economics. This results in creativity. Csikszentmihalyi defines creativity as any act, idea, or product that changes an existing domain. In this domain, I think it is hard bypass the initial gatekeepers.
However, for some domains, I believe it is possible to bypass the initial gatekeepers. These domains many be more loosely defined. They do not have strict procedures or a rigid structure. However, I do believe a domain can have some rigid and some flexible “sub” domains to it. I believe social media and the way we communicate and the way we get instant feedback is affecting how some domains more than others. I definitely believe the domain of music and the music industry is subject to construction, deconstruction, and reconstruction fairly quickly compared to other domains. This process is only quickened by social media. In Justin Bieber’s case, the quick feedback of the population substituted as the gatekeeper in a way, instead of a talent agent or record producer. This substitution of the population’s feedback as the field seems to happen often in certains domains such as music while happening not at all in other domains such as mathematics. I rarely (if ever) have heard a story about someone posting a new mathematics theory and having it blow up due to the population’s response before the field’s acceptance.
I am not sure if it is a good thing or not. A field can be a very small group of the population. A field may not represent the population well in some domains that heavily depend on tastes such as paintings (art), music, and food. So in a way, bypassing the field may enable the culture shift the population wanted. Even with social media, the three component model of creativity is still intact. Creativity is still not focusing on just the individual, but rather the system that includes the domain, the field, and the individual. With social media making it more accessible for us to view things and offer feedback, many other domains are shifting. Exercise/fitness could be another domain. Before social media, workout videos were recorded on VHS tapes. They had to go through a gatekeeper and a process. I’m not sure how much new workout ideas for the population is considered big C, but I would say it does shift the culture. Now, people can easily post a video of “new” workout idea to an audience without there being an official gatekeeper.