400 word discussion with a small response to a fellow classmate.

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After reading chapters eight, nine, and ten, please. Then, we can turn our attention to the unification of Italy and Germany, exciting stories that have long-term implications. As well, as we prepare for WWI, we need to discuss imperialism and its role in global competition, exploitation, and Empire building. Please remember, I am looking for your main post to be a minimum of 400 words.

Option A: Analyze the different methods of Italian unification – that of Cavour and that of Garibaldi/Mazzini.What role did nationalism play in unification? What reforms did Cavour push through to aid modernization and unification?

http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/history/italian_unification.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

https://faculty.unlv.edu/gbrown/westernciv/wc201/wciv2c21/wciv2c21lsec2.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Option B: Who was Bismarck and why was he so passionate to unify Germany? How did he succeed? What impact would a unified Germany have on the remainder of Europe?

http://www.history.com/topics/otto-von-bismarck (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/bismarck_otto_von.shtml (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Option C: Morocco! Morocco went from being a sovereign state, to being colonized and fought over by Spain and France (1905, 1911). The occupation of and subsequent competition for Morocco is part of the grab by imperial European powers of Africa. As such, it provides us with a great way of answering questions about imperialism, using Morocco to provide examples. What is the new imperialism? How does the New Imperialism differ from the Old Imperialism (or colonialism)? What was the role of technology in nineteenth-century imperialism? In what ways was European imperialism racist? How did the new technologies and racist ideologies employed in Morocco?

https://colonizationofmorocco.weebly.com/spanish-and-french-protectorate.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac97 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://adst.org/2015/10/french-colony-to-sovereign-statemoroccan-independence/#.WnUjmK2ZORs (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

http://www.sahara-online.net/eng/SaharaHistory/BeforeColonisation.aspx (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

You also respond to one other student during the same time period .The response should be a minimum of 150 words. I do not want you to simple agree or disagree, but rather comment on why you agree or disagree, raise more points, indicate commonalities or differences, discuss the issue in relation to our readings, and/or raise new questions about which we can all think.

Option B: Who was Bismarck and why was he so passionate to unify Germany? How did he succeed? What impact would a unified Germany have on the remainder of Europe?

Otto Von Bismarck was many things, he was a conservative Prussian statesman, first chancellor of the German empire, this was between the years 1871 – 1890, and he was also well known for dominating German and European affairs between the years of 1860s – 1890. He was born on April 1, 1815 in Schonhausen, Geramny and died later on July 30, 1898 in Friedrichsruh, Aumuhle, Geramny at the age of 83 years old. Also known as the Iron Chancellor and was a basically a master strategist which was reflected into the work that he did and the things that he had done. This is especially shown when he was appointed by William I, Prussia’s king in 1861, to be his cheif master, “…in reality Bismarck was in charge, manipulating the king with his intellect and the occasional tantrum while using royal decrees to circumvent the power of the elected officials,” (history.com, Otto Von Bismarck). As one could tell, he was a real mastermind. He had a purpose to everything he did, “…Bismarck initiated decisive wars with Denmark, Austria and France to unite 39 independent German states under Prussian leadership,” (history.com, Otto Von Bismarck). He was so passionate about wanting to unify Germany because he wanted them to become a strong German Empire with Prussia as its core. Also, it is said that, “One of his targets was the Catholic Church, which he believed had too much influence, particularly in southern Germany,” (www.bbc.co.uk, History, Otto Von Bismarck). Those are not the only reasons another being the spread of socialism, “He also worked to prevent the spread of socialism, “(www.bbc.co.uk, History, Otto Von Bismarck). To prevent the spread Bismarck introduced health care, health insurance as well as pensions to the people of unified Germany. It seems that Bismarck was most fixated on power and would do anything to be the most powerful nation, person as well in a way. All of these different things are what made Bismarck so successful in his work. Passion and drive can get you a long way.

The new unified Germany had many affects on the remainder of Europe. Since Bismarck was so caught up in his power things started to get a little rocky. An example of this being when he pursued a Kulturkampf, which basically means culture struggle against the religion of catholicism, keep in mind that catholics made up 36% of Germany’s population, which is a pretty great amount. Basically he did this by, “…placing parochial schools under state control and expelling the Jesuits. In 1878 Bismarck relented, allying with the Catholics against the growing socialist threat,” (history.com, Otto Von Bismarck). This brings back Bismarck being a master strategist, it is as if he had a back up plan all along. He had more important things to worry about it seemed like.